Where are koalas and their habitat?

Koalas have been recorded over much of the shire from the coast to the hinterland.

Within the coastal belt there are significant koala habitat areas at

  • Brunswick Heads
  • Myocum
  • Suffolk Park
  • Broken Head
  • Tyagarah
  • West Mullumbimby
  • West Byron

In the hinterland, significant koala habitat has been identified in

  • Bangalow
  • Federal
  • Goonengerry
  • Wilsons Creek
  • Huonbrook
  • Montecollum

Our plant communities that typically form koala habitat are

  • sclerophyll (Eucalyptus) forest
  • coastal swamp forest
  • coastal flood plain wetland

The following are recognised as high use koala feed trees

  • Forest red gum
  • Tallowwood
  • Swamp mahogany
  • Grey gum

Examples of Tallowwood Tree and Forest Red Gum Tree -

Tallowwood and Forest red gum

Koalas favour different food trees depending on environmental conditions, such as drought.  

Twenty-four feed tree species are recognised for Byron Shire, as part of the North Coast in the State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP) Koala Habitat Protection 2021.

Visit our online mapping tool page to view community vegetation mapping under the environment layer.

Koalas are difficult to spot in the tree canopy and apart from hearing koala calls, their presence is determined by faecal pellets (scats) which are smooth, oval shaped and 2-3 cm long and have a strong eucalyptus smell. Lumpy scats can possibly indicate ill health. 

Koala scats.jpg

Interesting fact about the male koala’s call

Male koalas produce a very low pitched bellow that is 20 times lower than would be expected from an animal of their size and is more typical of an elephant-sized animal. An extra pair of laryngeal vocal folds located where the oral and nasal cavities connect is the only example of a specialised sound-producing organ outside the voice box in any terrestrial mammal!